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Whats on

USER AGREEMENT
Weaving the Thread of Fate in Carpet
New Additions to the Collection of the RME
In the Footsteps of Samuli Paulakhariyu
Craftsmanship of Ukrainian Embroidery XIX-XX cc
The Arctic – Inhabited Land
MUSEUM OPENING!
People are made of people. Finno-Ugrians and Samoyeds in old ethnographic photographs
People are made of people. Finno-Ugrians and Samoyeds in old ethnographic photographs

USER AGREEMENT

of the Russian Museum of Ethnography, a Federal State Budgetary Institution

Developed in accordance with the requirements of the Russian Federation Civil Code, Russian Federation Law No. 2300-1 “On Protection of Consumers’ Rights” of 07.02.1997, Federal Law No. 152-FZ “On Personal Data” of 27.07.2006, norms of the Fundamentals of the Legislation of the Russian Federation on Culture approved by the RF Supreme Soviet on 09.10.1992 under No. 3612-1, Federal Law No. 193-FZ of 18.07.2019, and the Charter of the Russian Museum of Ethnography, a Federal State Budgetary Institution.

This User Agreement is brought o the notice of the general public by posting on the Museum’s official website www.ethnomuseum.ru. Taking actions of purchasing the Museum’s services, the Client accepts completely and unconditionally, and agrees to scrupulously comply with all the terms of this Agreement.

  USER AGREEMENT .(pdf)

 

The Exhibition “Weaving the Thread of Fate in Carpet: Decorative-Applied Art of Azerbaijan”  

The Russian Museum of Ethnography presents the exhibition “Decorative-Applied Art of Azerbaijan” which organization take place in frames of cultural cooperation between Saint-Petersburg and the Republic of Azerbaijan, therefore the partner of Petersburgian museum is the Azerbaijan National Carpet Museum in Baku.  The objective of exhibition is to present the best pieces from the collection of the Russian Museum of Ethnography which was gathered from the early XX century. These are examples of ornamented copper utensils, silk fabrics, embroideries, prints, their ornaments filled with enigmatic symbols which certainly will provoke the most vivid interest.  Carpets and carpet-like items have particular value of museum collection.

The Azerbaijanian pile and flat carpets are made of pure wool sometimes with addition of cotton in the bottom thread and are distinguished by high density and use of natural pigments. One more distinctive features of almost every carpet is the attracting sight and enigmatic symbolism of its ornament.

The specifics of daily life of the inhabitants of mountains and valleys of the South Caucasus which part was Azerbaijan was the reason not only of wide use of wall and floor carpets in house, but also production of sacks, soft chests and bags of the carpet fabric. Never before the museum collection of these important in domestic economy objects was presented to the public in such scale.


For more than 120 years the museum carries out the mission formulated by its founders to create the “ethnic portrait” of the peoples of Russia and neighboring countries and to show their “ethnic individuality striking by astonishing brilliance of their inherent specific facets of their exterior and spiritual daily life”.

The exhibition acquaints with the museum’s achievements in collection of funds during the last decade. In course of this period museum fellows brought from ethnographic expeditions and received from private persons - collectors and keepers of family relics about 5000 items. The most unique artifacts and the objects reflecting various trends of the museum’s collecting work were selected for exhibition.  Among them are the pieces of XIX-early XX cc., which are found  less and less frequently  and every new acquisition is great success allowing to broaden the notions about traditional world of objects of various peoples. The important acquisitions are the objects of the Soviet time in which shape, material, patterns and use reflect the processes of evolution and modernizations of traditional culture. It was particularly obvious in the case of costume, therefore, acquisition of festive and casual clothes and jewelry was especially significant. Special attention was paid to collection of objects characterizing the peculiarities of everyday culture of local and subethnic groups of different peoples and the population in the areas of contact residence of various ethnic groups.

Surviving of folk costume in present time predominantly as a base for creation of costumes for participants of folk ensembles and designer clothes in ethnic style made relevant their acquisition as examples of new forms of traditions’ development. Significant importance also had acquisition of  objects of applied arts and crafts of past epochs as well as the works of modern artists: ceramics, textiles, ornamented in various techniques,painted and carved wooden pieces, decorative items, examples of decorative applied arts. Today most of them haven't practical use, however, they are widespread as souvenirs, decorative interior items, examples of decorative applied arts and are among the most persistent and expressive  ethnic symbols. Modern ethnocultural processes also promoted particular attention to religious culture. During past decade the museum’s collection was noticeably replenished with  the attributes not only of religious practices and festivals related to folk beliefs which have been always collecting in the museum but also linked with Christianity, Islam and Buddhism.  

The exhibition is arranged by regional principle; each scientific department of museum  specialized in studies of certain ethnos acquaints with the most important exhibits entered  its funds.

The Department of the Ethnography of the Russian People

About 2000 objects entered the Department of Ethnography of Russian People In the past ten years.  A significant part of them is the products of folk trades and crafts, the articles of clothing, items of interior design and utensils. The Department’s funds were replenished with famous toy whistles of Dymkovo, Kargopol, Filimonovo and other centers, vast collection of painted spoons from Ust’ Tzil’ma on the Pechora River in the Republic of Komi, textile pieces with quilted  ornaments from the Arkhangelskaya Oblast.

Among them there are both the works of the twentieth century and production of modern craftsmen reflecting development of folk and decorative arts over the course of almost one hundred years. For the first time the pottery from the town of Somovo in the Vologodskya Oblast entered the museum’s collection, although it has more than centennial history, Among the items of traditional costume entered the Department’s funds the main parts of woman headdresses soroki and  podzatylni  dated by the late nineteenth century and the elements of clothes  decorated with embroidery and patterned weaving acquired in expedition to the Ves’gonsky District of Tverskya Oblast have particular scientific and museum value. They are important supplement to the collection of the famous Upper VolgaEthnological Expedition in the early 1920s kept in museum. The collection of the items of the Russian house interior was replenished with peasant furniture stunning by richness of its decoration. The collections of religious objects earlier represented by few items were significantly enriched.  Among them the attributes of religious culture of the various territorial groups of  the Old Believers’ are of particular interest.

The Department of Ethnography of the Peoples of Volga Region and the Urals

In the period from 2010 to 2019 more than 500 exhibits replenished the funds of the Ethnographic Department of the Volga Region and Urals. The main source of replenishment became expedition trips of the Department’s fellows and collection work among Chuvashes, Mari, Mordva, Tartars and Izhma Komi. The purchased objects represent the period from the late XIX century to our days. Significant part is comprised by costumes and separate types of clothes of various peoples of the region dated by 1920-1970s which supplementing museum collections allow to trace last stages of evolution of traditional costume.  About a half of exhibits belongs to the Chuvash culture. Among them are head towels and woman shirts made of patterned handwoven fabric, traditional wedding mantle rare in present time, agricultural tools, ritual and ceremonial objects, unique rowan crosses which were put above the door for protection against evil powers.

The Mari collection was replenished by the objects formerly absent or scarcely represented in its collections, as for instance the instrument for making ropes and loom for weaving Yshty – the “rainbow” belts of the Mountain Mari which are widespread up to  present times, some items dealt with festivals and ritual of family rites. For the first time the collection of homemade children dolls of the Mountain Mari was gathered. New versions of traditional children toys also replenished the toy collections of the Izhma Komi. Important acquisition on Tartar ethnography realized with cooperation of the representatives of Tartar people are the woman costume made for performances of folklore collectives and the set of Islam cult objects.

The Department of the Ethnography of the Peoples of North-West Russia and the Baltic Region

In 2010-2019 a bit more than 300 exhibits entered the funds of the Department of the Ethnography of the Peoples of North-West Russia of North-West Russia and the Baltic Region. Their main part was acquired by the Department’s fellows in the course of expeditionar- collection work. In result of the expedition to the Kola Peninsula the collections of traditional objects s of the Sami daily life were gathered including male hunting costume, children outdoor clothes of reindeer fur, instruments and devices for reindeer harness and fishing, spinning and weaving tools including the unique wooden folded distaff of the early twentieth century earlier absent in the museum collection. Significant collections in respect of their scale and content on the ethnography of the Tver Karelians including one of the disappearing groups the Ves’gon Karelians were gathered. They included painted and carved elements of log houses’ decoration, crafted and the home made furniture of the early XX century, textiles, towels, tablecloths. rugs, embroidery samples, spinning and weaving tools, ritual utensils. Today these objects are usually kept as family relics but in some families they are used to recreate ancient interiors – a sort of family museums.

Small but valuable group of exhibits is the objects of 1930–1950s typical for the Baltic Finno-Ugric peoples: Ingrian Finns, Southern Karelians, Veps, Setu who in present times almost lost the artifacts of their traditional culture during the war, mass migration and repatriation.  The rare acquisition is also the objects of 1930s reflecting peculiarities of the traditional culture of no longer existent multi-ethnic and multiconfessional native population of the border areas in Russia, Latvia and Estonia. For the first time the collections on the ethnography of Baltic Germans were formed as well as the complete set of traditional Livonian woman costume some elements of which belong to the last native speaker of Livonian language. The acquiring of the art pieces of the Latvian and Lithuanian modern folk art including the replicas of costumes, jewelry, crafted objects which in present times are important symbols of their ethnocultural identity continued.

The Department of the Ethnography of the Peoples of Siberia and the Far East

 In last decade the funds of the Department of Ethnography of Siberia and The Far East were replenished with almost 600 objects characterizing various spheres of traditional culture of peoples of this multinational region. A significant part of acquisitions are the artifacts related to the art of walrus ivory carving among Chukchi and Yakuts purchased from the private collections. The museum always paid much attention to development of this unique art, and acquisition of new exhibits: instruments and different works of the carvers on a bone of the twentieth century and the modern ones who develop and reconsider old traditions significantly enriched this thematic set in its collection. The gathering of traditional clothes used by many peoples of the region up to our days and original local utensils made of birch bark among Mansi, woven dishes of Nanai, carved spoons of Ulchi having not only utilitarian importance but also the artistic one and the instruments of fishing, hunting and reindeer husbandry which are main occupations of a greater part of the population of the region continued.  Valuable acquisition is the attributes of the Buddhist cult and the costume of the Buddhist priest as a rule seldom entering museum collection.

The Department of Ethnography of the Peoples of Caucasus and Crimea

In last ten years more than 450 exhibits replenished museum collection on ethnography of peoples of Caucasus and Crimea. The greater part of them are carpet pieces, arms, jewelry and articles of clothing dated from the late nineteenth century to our days including production of modern craftsmen used in popular milieu. These are embroidered towels, jewelry and ceramics of Crimean Tartars which are the symbols of culture of this people now, dresses and accessories of artist designer reflecting the notions how the Kabardin woman costume should look today, The objects associated with modern religious practices earlier represented in museum by few items of exclusively Pre-Soviet times  form particular group.

During the past period the Department’s collection was significantly replenished by the articles of clothing and utensils of the peoples of Dagestan – Laks, Dargins and many others. Great success was acquisition of unique embroidered towel made in the Dagestan village Usisha famous by its embroidery traditions. Earlier these pieces were absent in museum collection. The collection of Khevsur clothes significantly replenished museum collection was also valuable acquisition. For the first time the objects of traditional cultures of the Iranian Talyshes entered the museum which allowed to compare them with the everyday objects of Azerbaijanian Talyshes kept in museum and obtain more comprehensive notion about traditional daily culture of this people historically divided between two states. Впервые в музей поступили предметы традиционной культуры талышей Ирана, что позволяет сопоставить их с предметами быта талышей Азербайджана, хранящимися в музее, и получить более полное представление о традиционно-бытовой культуре этого народа, исторически разделенного между двумя государствами.

The Department of Ethnography of the Peoples of Central Asian and Kazakhstan

Over the course of the last decade the funds of the Department of Ethnography of the Peoples of Central Asia and Kazakhstan were generally replenished thanks to donations from private persons and only some collections were gathered during the expedition trips to the republics of the region. The most significant part is the objects of traditional culture of Tajiks and Uzbeks of the late nineteenth-early twentieth century:  woman dresses and man robes, burkas, embroidered wedding veils, curtains, small sacks for mirror decorated with embroidery or in quilted technique. Similar objects comprised bridal dowry and were used in wedding ritual and were further conserved as the family relics. Several collections of ancient woman jewelry showing the specifics of traditional Uzbek and Tajik art jewelry also entered the Department’s collection. For the first time the collection of objects of traditional everyday culture of the mountain Tajiks entered the museum. It has been gathered during the expedition in mountain villages of Tajikistan undertaken by the museum after almost the 50 year-old pause. The acquisition of Turkmen carpets and carpet works of late nineteenth early twentieth centuries −the unique phenomenon in culture of this people continued.   Important  significance had the objects of the Kazakh and Kirghiz  traditional daily life  which are found less and less frequently and the objects of contemporary folk art,  many of which the museum could received by cooperation of the members of these peoples.

Venue: Russian Museum of Ethnography, exhibition “Peoples of North-West Russia and the Baltic Region. XVIII-XX cc.

The Russian Museum of Ethnography, The Foundation for the Memory of Mooses Putro (Finland) and the Agalatov School of Arts (Russia) present the retrospective photographic exhibition “In the Footsteps of Samuli Paulakhariyu”.

Samuli Paulakhariyu is the famous Finnish ethnographer who in 1911 realized a bike trip through Northern, Eastern and Western Ingermanland and captured the life of Finnish and Izhora villages on his photographs in the early XX century.

            One hundred and five years later, in 2016 the representatives of the Foundation for the Memory of Mooses Putro repeated the voyage of his countryman to capture the changes occurred in these years.  

The exhibition showcases rare photographs of the early XX century made by Samuli Paulakhariyu and the pictures of contemporary photographs taken during the trip of 2016.  Comparative photographs of landscapes and villages made in past and present deserve particular attention. They reflect dramatic changes occurred in XX century in destinies of the peoples living on the territory of modern Leningrad region.

The authors of exhibition:  Aune Kämäräinen, journalist, photograph, artist, Helena Miettinen, Dr.of Social Political Sciences, the President of the Society for Ingermanlandian Culture, Finland, Marya Karkhula, film secretary “In the footsteps of Samuli Paulakhariyu” Finland.

Curators of exhibition: N.E, Borodkina (Director MAUDO the Agalatov School of Arts), M.A.Dokuchaeva (research fellow of the Russian Museum of Ethnography.

 

 

The author of conception– L. G. Ganina, Research Fellow of the Department of Ethnography of Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova.
Curator  -–N.M. Kalashnikova,  Dr.Sc. in Cultural Studies,  Professor.,  the Head of the Department of Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova .
Photographer  -Dyakova E.V.  Research Fellow of the Department of Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova  .
Artist  –  Mayevsky D.K.
Restorers :  Zheltova V.L., the Head of the Department of Restoration ; E.A. Kirillova, E. V. Loginova, G.B. Skobeleva, E.V. Tolstykh.
Consultant – E. N. Khokhlova, Researcher, the Head of the School of Hand Embroidery   in Saint Petersburg

The Russian Museum of Ethnography prepared the mini-exhibitions series dedicated to the Ukrainian embroidery which features so rarely exhibited group of artifacts as the samples of embroidery including clothes with embroidered patterns, models for decoration of clothes, and details decorated with ornament.

In traditional culture of Ukrainians embroidery was one of the most important woman crafts. Creating embroidered pattern on the clothes age and family status were taken in account. Special attention was paid to the costume of a girl of marriageable age because in this case apart of decorative and protective functions embroidery served as a characteristic of girl’s skills and demonstrated her diligence.

Brightly expressed regional specifics are typical for Ukrainian embroidery. The preferred ornamental motifs and compositional combinations, stable color preferences and the most typical techniques of embroidery existed in every region.  The series of mini-exhibitions acquaints visitor with the examples of the nineteenth-twentieth Ukrainian  embroidery gathered for  the museum in Chernigov, Poltava, Voronezh, Podolsk provinces  and the embroideries of the  Ukrainian population of Bukovina and the Eastern Galicia.

The exhibitions will be accompanied with gradually completing on-line album in which apart of general view of exhibits the enlarged fragments of embroidered décor and back side will be included.

The exhibition «The Arctic – Inhabited Land»

For  most  of us the Arctic is an enigmatic “ice corner” of our planet with numerous shining white icebergs and ice covered seas, endless polar days and nights; it is the land of unlimited domain of  the cold and the source of constant challenges to man, the  place of self-sacrifices and achievements. It’s here, on the territory of extreme natural, cultural and value contrasts, where the hidden potential of culture, its flexibility and endurance emerge allowing man not only survive in hardly suitable for life environment, but make the Arctic a part of his cultural space.

The exhibition invites visitor to travel across the spaces of the Russian Arctic and to make a glimpse at history and culture of its inhabitants. The choice for exhibition of such ethnographic topics as economic and hunting activities, trade, home, clothes, rites and beliefs, navigation and missionary work is determined by the main objective of exhibition -  to show how and by what means people made the Arctic, the territory with extreme environmental conditions for man, their home.

The name “Arctic” (ἄρκτος – she-bear) is not directly related to its largest inhabitant – white bear, but is derived from the Ancient Greek names of constellations of the Ursa Major and  the Ursa Minor with unmovable Polaris and territory situated under it in the Northern hemisphere.

Not being a mainland the Arctic embraces vast territory (27 millions square km) of the northern periphery of Eurasia and North America neighboring the North Pole and the entire area of the Arctic Ocean with its islands. The Arctic territory with its richest mineral deposits and resources has been always the center of allure for traders, merchants, travelers and explorers.

Russia always longed the Arctic that had especially attractive power for our country throughout its history from Novgorod merchants and the Pomors to poets and conquerors of the North Pole. The result of this multi-century endeavor was exploration of vast polar territories by Russian travelers, men of service, traders, missionaries, scientists and navigators. Observing, and recording the life of indigenous ethnic groups, living side by side with them they not only introduced new elements in their culture and religion, but also enriched their own with practices of local peoples related to economic activity and life-maintenance system, without which it’s impossible to imagine the present existence of the Russian Arctic’s population.

Ethnographic objects and archeological findings representing the circumpolar cultures alongside photographs and drawings from the Russian Museum of Ethnography collections and multimedia programs will help visitor to know general and unique features of different ethnic and local cultures’ traditions, the complex of which shapes the image of the “Arctic house” common to everybody.

Dear friends!

We are glad to inform you that the Russian Museum of Ethnography will open its doors for visitors on July– the Day of Ethnographer. We waited much this moment and were preparing for it!

Your health and the health of museum staff are our main priorities. Therefore museum established the new rules of visiting to stay safe for you and its personnel. The entrance to museum is possible only in hygienic masks and gloves. Please, keep the distance of 1,5 m  visiting museum. You can acquire the means of individual protection and use antiseptics in the entrance zone of museum.


Museum will be opened from Tuesday to Sunday from 11:00 a.m. to 07:00 p.m.

The admission to museum will be by the electronic tickets which you can buy at the museum website from July 13, 2020. We maintained the federal benefits for museum visitors, however, note that the free on-line ticket can be purchased only with the paid ticket at the website. While visiting museum it’s necessary to have a document confirming the right for benefit. The museum book office will work for service of from 11:00 a.m. to 06:00 p.m. and only cashless payment is accepted.  

The entrance to museum will be opened according to exhibit session every half and hour from 11.00 a.m. to 06.00 p.m.

We would like to draw your attention that the exhibit sessions are for groups of no more than 5 persons. The number of exhibit sessions is limited.

New unusual tour “The main exhibit: the building of the Russian Museum of Ethnography” will be the present for our public. The visitors will have an opportunity to see the parts of museum building earlier hidden from their sight. Rising to the vault of the Marble Hall you’ll see the “inside” of crystal ceiling and other fascinating details of the building construction and pest control machine made for treatment of collection   in the early 20th century.

 
We have prepared the quest inside museum “The expedition in museum” for individual visitors. We invite you to travel to historical Eurasia. Our mediators and route sheets will help you to travel in museum halls, you can download and print them in advance or receive paper version in museum. 

You can select the route for children or adult visitors. The quest is prepared for you comfort and safety: it will help you to avoid crossing of public torrents without hindering your acquaintance with museum collection.   We ask you to pay attention to marking and pointers which will allow you also to know about traditional ways of distance measurement among various peoples.


Please, consider new rules with understanding. All these measure are temporal but very important and we can secure the safety of each other only through responsible attitude to them.

We wait impatiently the opening of museum and will be happy to see you again!

 

Estonian National Museum 

On February   26, 2021 the Estonian National Museum launches new extremely enlightening exhibition “People are made of people. Finno-Ugrians and Samoyeds in old ethnographic photographs“ consisting of rare photographs capturing the daily life of Finno-Ugrians and Samoyeds in late XIX-early XX cc. Most of them (150 items) derive from the Russian Museum of Ethnography. The exhibition is supplemented with photographs from collections of the National Museum of Finland, the Ethnographic Museum in Budapest and the National Museum of Finland.  The exhibition will be opened for visitors until October 17, 2021.

A modern man not an expert in ethnography and linguistics sometimes can hardly recognize that peoples which are  so different in their  physical appearance, material culture, customs and religious beliefs  like Hungarians and Khanty, Estonians and Mansi,  Finns and Nenets have common routes  originating  in the depth of century.  Only if we cast a watchful look at their traditional culture, we can intuitively feel and comprehend enormous and ancient unity of Finno-Ugrians and Samoyeds as well as astonishing uniqueness of traditional culture of each people still resisting remorseless processes of acculturation and globalization.

Therefore the series of photographs selected for the exhibition are conceived as excursions in history of particular Finno-Ugrian and Samoyedic people in the united historical-geographical space of Eurasia. These   historical-ethnographic excursions start with the series of photographs capturing the traditional culture of Estonians and gradually removing from them in linguistic, cultural and geographical respects passes to the photographs reflecting daily life and cultural peculiarities of Nganasans and Hungurians.  Then this circle closes and the visitor sees again the pictures of Estonian cultural heritage and daily realities.

The exhibition catalogue is published in Estonian, Russian and English.

Estonian National Museum 

On February   26, 2021 the Estonian National Museum launches new extremely enlightening exhibition “People are made of people. Finno-Ugrians and Samoyeds in old ethnographic photographs“ consisting of rare photographs capturing the daily life of Finno-Ugrians and Samoyeds in late XIX-early XX cc. Most of them (150 items) derive from the Russian Museum of Ethnography. The exhibition is supplemented with photographs from collections of the National Museum of Finland, the Ethnographic Museum in Budapest and the National Museum of Finland.  The exhibition will be opened for visitors until October 17, 2021.

A modern man not an expert in ethnography and linguistics sometimes can hardly recognize that peoples which are  so different in their  physical appearance, material culture, customs and religious beliefs  like Hungarians and Khanty, Estonians and Mansi,  Finns and Nenets have common routes  originating  in the depth of century.  Only if we cast a watchful look at their traditional culture, we can intuitively feel and comprehend enormous and ancient unity of Finno-Ugrians and Samoyeds as well as astonishing uniqueness of traditional culture of each people still resisting remorseless processes of acculturation and globalization.

Therefore the series of photographs selected for the exhibition are conceived as excursions in history of particular Finno-Ugrian and Samoyedic people in the united historical-geographical space of Eurasia. These   historical-ethnographic excursions start with the series of photographs capturing the traditional culture of Estonians and gradually removing from them in linguistic, cultural and geographical respects passes to the photographs reflecting daily life and cultural peculiarities of Nganasans and Hungurians.  Then this circle closes and the visitor sees again the pictures of Estonian cultural heritage and daily realities.

The exhibition catalogue is published in Estonian, Russian and English.

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